Graham Law, SILS, Waseda University, Spring 2022

HI307 Media History: Modern Media Revolutions

*** This semester, with most overseas students finally able to get a visa and come to Tokyo, I hope to be able to hold most class sessions face-to-face on campus. However, even if only a single registered student is not in town, there will also be a Zoom link so that all  members can participate wherever they are. For the same reason, the weekly class reading quizzes, plus the final exam, will all be conducted online, with all Zoom and Quiz links available via the Moodle system. But, of course, we may have to go back entirely to online sessions if the Covid situation deteriorates markedly.***

Course Information

(1) Course Content
With the rapid development of the internet from the turn of the twenty-first century, today we are living through a period of major change in media systems. This course will focus not only on the internet revolution itself but also on three earlier periods of media transition in the modern era following the industrial revolution of the late eighteenth century: the periodical revolution of the mid-nineteenth century; the phonograph and cinema revolution from the turn of the twentieth century; and the broadcasting revolution of the mid-twentieth century. We will consider not only the technological developments driving such changes but also the sociological causes underlying them. Two very different but equally seminal modern thinkers about media history, Marshall McLuhan and Jürgen Habermas, will be referred to throughout to help create an intellectual framework for the course in general. In addition, while studying each of the four phases of transition in the modern media, we will attend to the debates that they aroused in contemporary society. Based on the instructor's area of expertise, the specific case studies undertaken will most often be taken from the British media, but with reference also to Japan, France, the United States, and other industrial nations, thus giving a comparative dimension to the course.

(2) Course Materials
There is no single course text book. Reading and study materials can be downloaded from the Syllabus table below. Copies are also available via the Waseda Moodle system.


(3) Course Methods
This class will be conducted entirely in English. Although the class may be quite large, and probably have to be conducted in hybrid style (at once face-to-face and online) I will try to make it as interactive as possible. Please try to participate actively: attendance, whether in person or via Zoom will be registered.  Unless the Covid situation changes for the worse, students based in and around Tokyo are expected to attend the class regularly in person, unless they have a good reason not to do so and have the understanding of the instructor.
The two sessions in the first week of classes will be used for Student Orientation concerning both the Course Contents and Course Methods. In principle, the same material will be offered twice. The Tuesday session (April 5th) will be mainly aimed at students taking the class in person, while the Friday session (April 8th) will be mainly aimed at students not resident in or around Tokyo, who will access the class sessions online via Zoom. There is no need to attend both sessions.
From the second week, the first of the two weekly classes (on Tuesday) will focus mainly on the material in the Powerpoint, with the time divided between lecture and Q&A/group discussion. The second weekly class (on Friday) will give a good deal of time to the Case Study material, again with plenty of time for questions and discussion in groups. The weekly Reading forms the transition between the two sessions: it will be introduced by the instructor at the end of the Tuesday class and discussed in groups at the start of the Friday class, with students required to complete the reading quiz online in the period in between.
The final exam focuses principally on the material in the Powerpoints. Versions of each Powerpoint presentation with recorded narration in video format will be available on the Waseda Moodle system at the end of the Friday class each week for purposes of review.


(4) Detailed Syllabus

WEEK

DATE

SECTION

TOPIC

READINGS

POWERPOINTS

WORKSHEETS

CASE STUDIES


Week 1
4/5 & 4/8
 

Introductions
Orientation x2 
(Tue: In class / Fri: Online)                         


Orientation Materials
Discussion Questions

Week 2

4/12 & 4/15

Habermas & McLuhan

JHPSEA.pdf                

MMUMNo18Print.pdf    

Habermas&McLuhan.pdf

You+OldMedia.pdf

See worksheet for  questionnaire:  

Week 3

4/19
&
4/22

 



Periodical

Revolution

Newspapers

JHSTPSNo20a.pdf

Periodicalism1.pdf

Times&NYTimes1854.pdf

Times1854
NYTimes1854


Week 4

4/26
&
5/6

Magazines

Dallas-PL1PP.pdf
Quiz focus on
paras [1]-[8]

Periodicalism2.pdf

C19Magazines.pdf

VictorianPeriodicals
(digital copies here)

Week 5

5/10
& ol
5/13

Periodical Debates

SteadGBJ.pdf
Quiz focus on paras [1]-[16]

NewJournalism.pdf


ONLINE
REVIEW SESSION
Powerpoint  Article

Week 6

5/17
&
5/20

  


Phonograph & Cinema Revolutions

Sound Recording

MMUMNo28Phonograph.pdf

Phonograph.pdf

SoundRecordings.pdf

EarlyRecordings
(materials here)

Week 7

5/24
&
5/27

Moving Pictures

MMUMNo29Movies.pdf 

Cinema.pdf

MovingPictures.pdf

EarlyMovies
(
materials here)

Week 8

5/31
&
 ol 6/3

Cinema Debates

TMillerGlobalHollywood2010.pdf

AVCulturePower.pdf


ONLINE
REVIEW SESSION
2 Classic silents:
Chaplin's The Kid
Battleship Potemkin

Week 9

6/7
&
6/10

 


Broadcasting
Revolution

Radio

MMUMNo30Radio.pdf

Radio.pdf


Radio&War.pdf

Radio&War
(
materials here)

Week 10

6/14
&
6/17

Television

JHSTPSNo20b.pdf

Television.pdf

TV1950sUSxUK.pdf

TV1950sUSxUK
(
materials here)

Week 11

6/21
& ol
6/24

Broadcasting Debates

Murdoch-v-Potter.pdf

FutureOfBroadcasting.pdf


ONLINE
REVIEW SESSION
TVCastCommercials
Documentation

Week 12

6/28
&
7/1

 


Internet
Revolution

Interactivity

Rainie&WellmanCh3.pdf 

Internet1.pdf

InternetDev&CLI.pdf

Early web sites etc  (instructions & links in worksheet)

Week 13

7/5
&
7/8

Mobility

CFuchsCh9.pdf 
Quiz focus on 9-2a, pp.304-15

Internet2.pdf

You+NewMedia.pdf

See worksheet for  questionnaire: 

Week 14

7/12
& ol
7/15

Internet Debates

Web2Debate.pdf  

Internet3.pdf


ONLINE
REVIEW SESSION
SFMovieClips
Clip 1
         Clip 3
Clip 2         Clip 4    

Week 15

ol 7/19
&

7/22


                                                                  **************** Final Exam **********************


(5) Further Reading

Marshall McLuhan, Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man (1964)
J
ürgen Habermas, The Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere (1962 trans. 1989)
Asa Briggs & Peter Burke, A Social History of the Media (3rd ed. 2009)
John B. Thompson, The Media and Modernity (1995)
Jane Chapman, Comparative Media History: 1789 to the Present (2005)
Christian Fuchs, Internet and Society (2008)
Lee Rainie & Barry Wellman, Networked: The New Social Operating System (2012)


(6) Course Requirements
Participants are required to:
1 attend the course regularly and contribute actively to discussions;
2 prepare for the class by means of reading and study assignments (weekly quizzes given);
3 to produce a mid-term writing assignment in English of at least 1500 words (see the WRITING ASSIGNMENT print)
4 to take a final examination on the content of the course (with both multiple-choice and writing sections) via Waseda Moodle.
Grades will be calculated as follows: Participation & Quizzes 20%; Writing Assignment 40%; Exam 40%

(7) Contacts
Office No:
11-1455
Office Hours: Wednesday 3 & Thursday 3
E-mail: [email protected]


Copyright (C) Graham Law, 2011-22. All rights reserved.
First drafted Mon 12 Sep 2011.
Last revised Sat
4 Jun 2022.



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