ELF(English as a Lingua Franca)Project 

教育・ビジネス現場のELF(共通語としての英語)使用実態調査と教育モデルの構築(2011-2013)



産学ELF(共通語としての英語)使用実態調査とグローバル人材育成教育への提言(2014-2019)


■ ELFプロジェクトについて About the ELF Project

教育・ビジネス現場のELF(共通語としての英語)使用実態調査と教育モデルの構築 (2011-2013)
ここ10年ほどで共通語としての英語(English as a Lingua Franca、以下ELF)使用の状況は大きく変化しました。これは経済分野でのいわゆるBRCsといわれる国々やこれに続くVISTA(ベトナム、インドネシア、南アフリカ、トルコ、アルゼンチン)等の国々の目覚しい台頭と無関係ではありません。これらの諸国の人々と第3国の人々のコミュニケーションは、主として英語非母語話者同士の共通言語としてのELFのコミュニケーションです。日本の企業もいち早くこの流れに対応し、最近も数社が社内言語を英語にすると公表し話題になっています。また、文部科学省も大学教育の国際化を謳い、英語での教育を奨励しています。しかしながら、国内外でこのように急激に増加しているELF使用の現状を、日本人ELF使用者に焦点をあて、実際にその使用の現場で録音調査している研究はまだ殆どありません。
本研究はELF使用の実態調査をビジネス及び高等教育の現場で録音という形で行い、コミュニケーション上の問題点に注目しながらデータ分析を行い、これに加え実際のELF使用場面で何が起こっているかを事後インタビューやアンケートも含めて調査し、ELFコミュニケーションで求められている英語力とは何かを解明し、英語教育に積極的に貢献しようとするものです。本研究の具体的な目的は、

(1)日本人による共通語としての英語(ELF)コミュニケーションの実態を解明、
(2)グローバル化が進み、ELFによるコミュニケーションが増加する世界で、日本人ELF使用者に求められるコミュニケーション能力とそのモデルは何であるかについての具体的、且つ、現実的なELFの到達モデルの枠組みの策定、
(3)こうしたことを前提にして実際に求められる英語とそのコミュニケーション能力育成の為の具体的な英語教育への提案を行うことです。

科学研究費 基盤研究(B)23320122 (H23-H25年度)

The Use of English as a Lingua Franca (ELF) in Academic and Business Contexts in Japan - An analysis of its use and implications for language education
For the past ten years, situations in the use of English as a lingua france by Japanese companies have drastically changed. Even in the past three years, more companies decided to choose English as their offical language in their offices (see, for example, The First Retailing, Rakuten and Sony inter alia). In addition, many other companies have been running their board meetings in English (e.g. Nissan) for some time now. A main reason for this is companies need to diversify the backgrounds of their employees partly due to the recent tendency and need for the globalization of their companay marketing starategies as their customers are more those living abroad, particularly, those in newly developed or developing countris such as BRICs and VISTA, i.e., Vietnam, Indonesia, South Africa, Turkey and Argentina, and also partially because of the globalization of their production strategies due to an imminent shortage of labour in the future owing a declining birth rate and ageing of the population.
  On the other hand, not only in corporate but also in academic settings, more universities have decieded to use English as a means of instruction owing to the similar reasons stated above. In addition, universities also recruit overseas students in order to diversify student populations to cope with a tendency for globalization and for some universities, to cope with a declining student population. The Japanes Ministry of Education, Science, Technology, Cultre and Sports (MEXT) also encourages universities to 'internationalize' although what is meant by 'internationalize' is still subject to discussion.
  Despite this increasing tendency to encourage the use of English as a lingua franca on campus and at work, not very much research has been conducted on what is really happening in actual situations of ELF use in Japan. The current reasearch supported by a scentific grant by the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), therefore, aims at investigating the actual use of ELF in both academic and businesss contexts in Japan or in the context which includes Japanese users of ELF. In so doing, it employs discourse and pragmatic perspectives for its analyses of recorded data which will be collected while researchers observing ELF interactions. This will also be supported by participants' interviews and, where necessary, questionnaries on the use of English as a lingua franca.
  On the basis of detailed descriptions of what is really happening in these interactions, the research ultimately intends to contribute to a better understaning of ELF use in actual situations and to the planning of or reconsideration for edcational policies or curriculum and/or syllabus designs which accommodate the need for ELF users in both academic and business contexts. In the following I shall succinctly summarise the above discussions:

(1) To investigate the use of English as a lingua franca in academic and business contexts in Japan with detailed analyses of recorded data from discourse and pragmatic perspectives. This will also be partly supported by an ethonographic approach of participant ovservation and interviews, paying special attention to what is going in its actual use with its resultant effects and problems.
(2) On the basis of the above investigation and descriptive analyses, work out a model of ELF communicative competence or capability for Japanese users of ELF and draw up a realistic framework for its achievement, particularly in terms of educational policies and curriculum/ syllabus designs.
(3) To suggest some practical implications for language teaching to develop ELF competencies/ capabilities.

Research funded by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
Project Number: Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research, Foundation B, No. 23320122


産学ELF(共通語としての英語)使用実態調査とグローバル人材育成英語教育への提言 (2014-2019)
本研究の目的は、(1)日本人による共通語としての英語(English as a Lingua Franca, 以下ELF) コミュニケーションの実態を把握、(2)グローバル化が進み、ELFによるコミュニケーションが増 加する世界で、日本人ELF使用者に求められるコミュニケーション能力は何であるかについての 具体的、且つ、現実的なELFコミュニケーション能力の解明、(3)これを基に実際に求められるELF コミュニケーション能力育成の為の具体的な英語教育への提案を行うことである。その方法は主 として高等教育とビジネスという二種類のELF使用場面に焦点をあてた参与観察及び録音調査と その詳細な質的分析に加え、学生、教員、ビジネスピープルへのアンケート調査及びインタビュ ーも実施し、使用者及び教育者の意識と実際の使用現場双方からのアプローチを試みる。

科学研究費 基盤研究(B)26284083(H26-H30年度)

■ ELFプロジェクトメンバー Project Members

教育・ビジネス現場のELF(共通語としての英語)使用実態調査と教育モデルの構築 (2011-2013)

研究代表者: 村田久美子(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・教授)
プロジェクトメンバー:
         寺内 一(高千穂大学・商学部・教授)
         バックハウス ペート(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・准教授)
         飯野 公一(早稲田大学・国際教養学術院・教授)
         矢野 安剛(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・名誉教授)
         原田 哲男(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・教授)
         澤木 泰代(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・教授)


Project Leader:
Kumiko Murata, Professor, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University
Project Members:
Backhaus, Peter, Assoicate Professor, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University
Iino, Masakazu, Professor, Faculty of Interanational Liberal Arts, Waseda University
Terauchi, Hajime, Professor, Faculty of Commerce, Takachiho University
Yasukata, Yano, Emeritus Professor, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University
Harada, Tetsuo, Professor, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University
Sawaki, Yasuyo, Professor, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University



産学ELF(共通語としての英語)使用実態調査とグローバル人材育成英語教育への提言 (2014-2019)

研究代表者: 村田久美子(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・教授)
プロジェクトメンバー:
         飯野 公一(早稲田大学・国際教養学術院・教授)
         寺内 一(高千穂大学・商学部・教授)
         土屋 慶子(東海大学・外国語教育センター・准教授)
         矢野 安剛(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・名誉教授)
         バックハウス ペート(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・准教授)
         原田 哲男(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・教授)
         澤木 泰代(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・教授)


Project Leader:
Kumiko Murata, Professor, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University
Project Members:
Iino, Masakazu, Professor, Faculty of Interanational Liberal Arts, Waseda University
Terauchi, Hajime, Professor, Faculty of Commerce, Takachiho University
Tsuchiya, Keiko, Assoicate Professor, Foreign Language Centre, Tokai University
Yasukata, Yano, Emeritus Professor, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University
Backhaus, Peter, Assoicate Professor, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University
Harada, Tetsuo, Professor, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University
Sawaki, Yasuyo, Professor, Faculty of Education and Integrated Arts and Sciences, Waseda University


■ 4th Waseda ELF International Workshop*

■ 14th November 2014 Special Lectures
    Venue:Room 305, Building 16, Waseda University Map
16:30−18:00 Professor Dr Henry Widdowson, Honorary Professor University of Vienna,
                                  Professor Emeritus, University of London
    'The Pragmatics of ELF Variation'
18:00−19:30 Professor Dr Barbara Seidlhofer, University Professor, University of Vienna
    'The Global Significance of ELF Study'

■ 15th November 2014 4th Waseda ELF International Workshop
    - Exploring ELF in Academic and Business contexts -
    Venue:Room 305, Building 16, Waseda University Map
Programme
1) 10:00 Opening & Introduction Kumiko Murata
2) 10:05 - 11:35 Special Lecture
      Professor Dr Elana Shohamy, Tel Aviv University
      'Critical language testing and English Lingua Franca, how can one
      help the other?'
               11:35 - 11:40 Short Break

3) 11:40 - 12:00 Individual Presentation Session 1
      Akiko Otsu, Daito Bunka University & Waseda University
      'Beyond 'Nice to meet you': small talk in ELF for initial business
      communication'
      Dr Alan Thompson, Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University
       'Three Asian ELF settings: diverse situations, diverse practices'
       Questions & Answers, Comments
               12:30 - 13:45 Lunch

4) 13:45 - 15:50 Individual Presentation Session 2
      Mayu Konakahara, Waseda University
      'How ELF users negotiate face during complaining: An analysisf
      of third-party complaints in ELF casual conversation among friends'
      Dr Yoko Nogami, Matsuyama University
      'Identity, sociopragmatic discernment and us vs. them discourse
      in ELF'
      Dr Keiko Tsuchiya, Tokai University
      'Comparing articles of an ELF-based and a native-norm-based
      journal using a small-scale corpus'
      Assoc. Prof. Leah Gilner, Bunkyo Gakuin University
      'Vocabulary preferences of English speakers in localized and
      globalized settings'
       Questions & Answers
       Comments on Individual Presentation Sessions 1 & 2
       Commentators: Profs Barbara Seidlhofer, Elana Shohamy,
             and Henry Widdowson
               15:50 - 16:05 Coffee/ Tea Break

5) 16:05-18:30 Invited Panel - Exploring ELF in EMI Settings -
   16:05 Introduction Kumiko Murata
   16:10 Special Panel Contribution
      Dr Ying Wang, China Three Gorges University
      'A case study of the role of English in a Chinese university'
   16:30 Professor Jim D'Angelo, Chukyo University
      'Challenges of nurturing EMI in broad-based Japanese Higher Education'
   16:50 Professor Masaki Oda, Tamagawa University
      'University English Language programs in Transition: EFL to ELF, then?'
   17:10 Professor Nobuyuki Hino, Osaka University
      'Toward the development of CELFIL (Content and ELF Integrated
      Learning) for EMI classes in higher education in Japan'
   17:30 Professor Michiko Nakano, Waseda University
      'Challenges in EMI, a case study of 'World Englishes online'
   17:50 Questions & Answers
   18:00 Discussants Profs Barbara Seidlhofer, Elana Shohamy,
               and Henry Widdowson
   18:20-18:40 General Questions & Answers, and Discussion

6) 18:40 Round-up Kumiko Murata
   19:00-21:00 Reception

* This workshop is supported by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research
   (JSPS, Kiban (Foundation) B, No. 26284083)


■ 3rd Waseda ELF International Workshop

■ 28th February 2014 Special Lectures
    Venue:Room 305, Building 16, Waseda University Map
15:00−16:30 Professor Dr Susanne Ehrenreich, Technical University of Dortmund
    'English as a lingua franca (ELF) in international business contexts:
    Key issues and future perspectives'
16:30−18:00 Professor Dr Jennifer Jenkins, University of Southampton
    'The globalisation of higher education. But what aboutits lingua franca?'

■ 1st March 2014 3rd Waseda ELF International Workshop
    Venue:Room 305, Building 16, Waseda University Map
Programme
1) 13:15 Opening & Introduction Kumiko Murata
2) 13:20 - 15:35 ELF Research in Progress
  - Researching ELF in Academic and Business contexts -
   13:20 - 15:35 Individual Paper Presentations
       Takuji Aso, Waseda University
      'Native-speaker norm as an acquired disposition generating the cultural
      politics of participation in English-medium educational policy'
       Akiko Otsu, Daito Bunka University & Waseda University
       'Attitudes toward English in academic and professional settings:
       An analysis of talk-in-interaction from an ELF perspective'
       Mayu Konakahara, Waseda University
      'Skillful participation in ELF interactions: A case of
      unsuccessful floor-taking overlapping talk'
       Dr Keiko Tsuchiya, Tokai University
      'Why bother switching to ELF?: Analysing code-switching
      in a group discussion in a CLIL class at university in Japan'
       Dr Ayako Suzuki, Tamagawa University
      'Scaffolding for deeper understanding of ELF: A case of
      undergraduate course on the diversity of English users'
   15:00 Questions & Answers
   15:10 Comments
      Commentators: Profs Susanne Ehrenreich & Jennifer Jenkins

   15:25 Questions & Answers, and Discussion
   15:35 - 15:50 Coffee/ Tea Break
3) 15:50-18:30 Panel - ELF Research in Academic and Business Settings -
   15:50 Introduction Kumiko Murata
   15:55 Special Panel Contribution
      Professor Dr Kumiko Torikai, Rikkyo Graduate School of Intercultural Communication
      'English as a Lingua Franca and English Language Education in Japan'
   16:20 Dr Masumi Ono, Waseda University, Open Education Centre
      'To foster independent writers: Feedback on English academic
      writing at Waseda University Writing Centre'
   16:40 Professor Dr Hajime Terauchi, Takachiho University &
      Mr Tamao Araki, Miyazaki Prefectural Nursing University
      'English or other skills?: Difficulties encountered in business meetings'
   17:00 Special Panel Contribution
      Dr Alan Thompson, Gifu Shotoku Gakuen University
      'ELF interactions among Asian development workers:
      different proficiencies, strategies, and adjustments'
   17:25 Questions & Answers
   17:40 Discussants Profs Susanne Ehrenreich & Jennifer Jenkins
4) 18:25 Round-up Kumiko Murata
   19:00-21:00 Reception


■ 2nd Waseda ELF International Workshop

■ 8th March 2013 Special Lectures
    Venue:Room 2, Building 15, Waseda University Map
14:30−16:00 Professor Anna Mauranen, University of Helsinki
   English as a global lingua franca: changing language in changing global academia
16:00−17:30 Professor Juliane House, University of Hamburg
   Own language use in English as an academic lingua franca discourse

■ 9th March 2013 2nd Waseda ELF International Workshop
    Venue:Room 2, Building 15, Waseda University Map
Programme
1) 13:30 Opening & Introduction Kumiko Murata
2) 13:40 - 15:35 ELF Research in Progress
  ― Researching ELF in Academic Contexts and Its Implications for Pedagogy ―
   13:40 - 15:20 Individual Paper Presentations
       Anna Yatsuyanagi, Waseda University
      'ELF in a Japanese University Classroom: What the Students Say'
       Akiko Matsumoto-Otsu, Daito Bunka University & Waseda University
       'The Use of Negations in ELF Talk: An analysis of professional
      talk-data in the construction industry'
       Mayu Konakahara, Waseda University
      'Overlapping as an active involvement in ELF interactions: Explicitness
      and Efficiency'
       Dr Keiko Tsuchiya, Tokai University
      'Behaviours in ELF: Analysing interruption sequences in discussions in
      an EAP course'
   15:00 Comments on the individual presentations
      Commentators - Profs Juliane House & Anna Mauranen
   15:15 Questions & Answers
   15:35 - 15:50 Coffee/ Tea Break
3) 15:50 18:30 Panel― ELF Research and Its Implications for Pedagogy ―
   15:50 Introduction Kumiko Murata
   15:55 Special Panel Contribution
      Dr Jagdish Kaur, University of Malaya
      'Teaching the Effective Use of ELF: Insights from Research into
      the Use of Pragmatic Strategies in ELF Communication'
   16:25 Dr Yasuyo Sawaki, Waseda University
      'A review of large-scale academic English tests
      from an ELF perspective'
   16:45 Dr Ayako Suzuki, Tamagawa University
      'English for Global Citizenship? ELF for unsettling students'
      beliefs about English'
   17:05 Prof Tetsuo Harada, Waseda University
      'Effects of early language learning on speech perception: From an ELF
      perspective'
   17:25 Discussants Profs Juliane House & Anna Mauranen
   17:45-18:25 Questions & Answers
4) 18:25 Round-up Kumiko Murata
   19:00-21:00 Reception


■ 1st Waseda ELF International Workshop

■ 30th August 2011 Special Lectures
    Venue:Room 201, Building 22, Waseda Campus Map
14:30−16:00 Professor Barbara Seidlhofer, University of Vienna
   ELF(Enlish as a Lingua Franca): New Perspectives on English
16:00−17:30 Professor Henry Widdowson, University of Vienna, University of London
   Creative capacity: rethinking subject English

■ 31st August 2011 1st Waseda ELF International Workshop
    Venue:Room 107, Building 16, Waseda University Map
Programme
1) 13:30 Opening & Introduction Kumiko Murata
2) 13:40 - 15:55 ELF Research in Progress
  ― Incorporating an ELF Perspective in the Existing Research ―
   13:40 - 15:20 Individual Paper Presentations
       Mayu Konakahara
      'A preliminary study of ELF interaction:Analysis of an informal talk in a British higher education context'
       Takuji Aso
      'English-medium university education as discursive practice:
      A practice-based perspective on SLA with implications for ELF'
       Keiko Sato
      'Acquisition of English pronunciation in an ELF setting'
       Kaori Doi
      'Conversation Styles in ELF Interaction: How ELF speakers communicate for successful communication'
       Keiko Tsuchiya
      'Not 'letting it pass' in an ELF business conversation in a South Asian country:A time-aligned corpus based approach '
   15:20 Comments on the individual presentations
      Commentators - Profs Seidlhofer & Widdowson
   15: 35 Questions & Answers
   15:55 - 16:15 Coffee/ Tea Break
3) 16:15 - 18:45 Panel―(Re)Interpreting Data from an ELF Perspective―
   16:15 Murata Kumiko Introduction
   16:20 Special Panel Contribution
      Prof. Ryuko Kubota, University of British Columbia
      'Questioning the assumption about English: ELF, English language teaching, and beyond'
   16:50 Harada, Tetsuo 'ELF in CLIL'
   17:10 Backhaus Peter 'Traces of ELF in Japan's linguistic landscape'
   17:30 Sawaki Yasuyo 'Issues of consideration on developing ELF assessment criteria'
   17:50 Discussants Profs. Barbara Seidlhofer & Henry Widdowson
   18:10 Questions & Answers
4) 18:35 Round-up Kumiko Murata

■ 研究会 Workshop

■2nd October 2015
16:30−18:00 ‘ELF in the international construction industry: a corpus informed D/discourse analysis’
   Professor Michael Handford, The University of Tokyo

■30th July 2014
16:30−18:00 ‘The Multi/Plural Turn in Language Studies: A Critique and Implications for Research and Practice’
   Professor Ryuko Kubota, University of British Columbia

■29th November 2013
16:30−18:00 ‘Pluralizing English?: Challenges in High-Stakes Academic Writing’
   Professor Ryuko Kubota (with Joel Heng Hartse), University of British Columbia

■25 October 2013
16:35−18:15 ‘Socioeconomic disparities and early English education in Asia’
   Dr Yuko Butler, Associate Professor, Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania

■26th October 2012
16:35−17:15 Report on the presentation 'English as a Lingua Franca
   in Tokyo's Linguistic Landscape' at SS19

   Peter Backhaus(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・准教授)
17:15−17:55 Report on the presentation' "We are jun-Japa"
   --- Dynamics of ELF communication in an English medium academic context' at SS19

   飯野 公一(早稲田大学・国際教養学術院・教授)

■13th July 2012
16:30−16:45 'CEFR and ICAO English language proficiency requirements:
   A reflection on Tim McNamara's plenary talk at ELF5'

   大津 明子氏(大東文化大学・講師)
16:45−17:00 'Strategic language use of ELF users: Report on ELF5 conference'
   小中原 麻友氏(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・博士課程)
17:00−17:30 「ELF5報告: ELF Researchの多様性とwritten ELF normの問題」
   矢野 安剛 (早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・名誉教授)

■27th January 2012
17:30−19:00 'ELF(Enlish as a Lingua Franca): New Perspectives on English'
   Dr Nicola Galloway, University of Rikkyo

■16th December 2011
16:30−17:45 「WEとELFの最近の動向:大会の報告から」
   矢野 安剛(早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・名誉教授)

■2nd July 2011
16:40−17:25 「英語でつなぐ世界の高等教育− SILSのケースを中心に」
   飯野 公一(早稲田大学・国際教養学術院・教授)
17:25−18:10 「企業が求める英語力」
   寺内 一(高千穂大学・商学部・教授)

■10th June 2011
17:00−18:30 「ELF4国際会議報告:ELF研究の現状と課題」
   矢野 安剛 (早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・名誉教授)
   村田久美子 (早稲田大学・教育・総合科学学術院・教授)




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